Baseball Idioms

Baseball is the most popular sport in the United States. Some call it the national sport. "Major League" baseball teams have the best professional players and more "fans" or people who watch the games. A baseball team has nine people: the pitcher, the catcher, first, second and third basemen, the shortstop, the left, middle and right fielders. Baseball is played on four bases, first, second, third and home, on a diamond shaped field. The pitcher, the catcher, the basemen and the shortstop play in the infield. The fielders play in the "outfield" or the area around the infield. The pitcher throws (pitches) a ball to a "batter" on the opposing team, who tries to hit this ball with a "bat" and run around the bases.

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He gets a "hit"unless 1) the ball is caught before it hits the ground; 2) he is "tagged" with the ball when he is not on a base or 3) the ball is thrown and caught at first base, and in some circumstances at other bases, before he gets there. The batter is allowed three "strikes" and then he "strikes' out. A strike is any ball which crosses the plate between the top of the batter's shoulders and his knees and is not hit by the batter. A "ball" is any pitched ball which is outside this strike zone and is not swung at by the batter. The batter is allowed to "walk" to first base if the pitcher throws four or more "balls". Players make an "error" if they make a mistake on a "play" that should have resulted in an out.

Each team bats until it makes thee outs. An "inning" has been played when both teams have made three outs. A game is nine innings unless the score is "tied" at the end of nine innings. Then the game is played extra innings until one team has more "runs" at the end of the extra innings. A run is scored when a player runs around all the bases and touches the last or "home" plate or base. The team with the most "runs" win

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IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to continue to throw the ball
Sentence 1
He kept pitching the ball even though he was injured.
Meaning 2
to continue to work on something
Sentence 2
Keep pitching. The boss will recognize your good work.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to hit a ball out of the baseball park
Sentence 1
Babe Ruth knocked the ball out of Yankee Stadium.
Meaning 2
to have a great idea, to do something extremely well.
Sentence 2
The President knocked one out of the ballpark at the NATO meeting.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
From baseball: There are 9 innings in a game, unless the game is tied, when it goes into overtime until the tie is broken.
Sentence 1
It's the last inning and the Phillies are up to bat against the Braves. The game is tied 3 to 3. It may go into overtime unless the Phillies or the Braves get a run in the 9th.
Meaning 2
"The game" of an election, is almost over; the last inning of an election could be the last few weeks before voters vote.
Sentence 2
Let's get this act together. It's the last inning: we are down 3% and need to win those 5 Senators to take control.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
In baseball their are four bases, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th. Fourth base is home; if a runner gets to 4th base he scores a run. If the runner is left on third base at the end of an inning, there is no score.
Sentence 1
The batter scored a double and then stole third, but when the inning was over, he was still on third, so no run was scored for his team.
Meaning 2
To try, but not score.
Sentence 2
The young boy asked his date to the prom. He really liked her and had dated her for awhile, but the captain of the football team asked her to the prom, so the boy didn't score with her.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
Major league baseball or football teams are the best teams.
Sentence 1
The New York Yankees is a major league baseball team.
Meaning 2
The most important person or business.
Sentence 2
The president of the Ford Motor Corporation is a major league player.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
made a hit in baseball or in another ball sport
Sentence 1
Hank Aaron got three hits in the world series. He ranks third in runs and hits. He was a great hitter.
Meaning 2
to do well
Sentence 2
He made a hit with his girlfriend when he took her out to dinner.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to throw, toss or hurl an object
Sentence 1
The President of the U.S. introduced Gorbachov to the game of horseshoe pitching and asked him to make a pitch.
Meaning 2
to offer something, to support someone or something
Sentence 2
The actor will make a pitch for the new product on TV.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
a baseball player or team that is good, but not the best
Sentence 1
Dom DiMaggio played for the San Francisco Seals, a minor league team, before he went to the Boston Red Sox.
Meaning 2
a person, business or other entity that is not the most important
Sentence 2
The Blue Corporation is a minor league business. Go to the boss; Jerry is a minor league player.

Derivation

A minor league baseball team plays in small towns and cities. Minor leagues train baseball players for the major leagues.

IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
a change in circumstances in the ball game, ie the game is tied after one team was ahead.
Sentence 1
The Dodgers scored four runs and it was a new ball game
Meaning 2
a new set of circumstances
Sentence 2
Now that we have the financing, it's a new ball game.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
the runner or player has taken a position away from the base he has touched previously in the game
Sentence 1
The runner was thrown out, because he was off base.
Meaning 2
a person or project is not where it should be
Sentence 2
She is off base when she talks about religion during working hours.