c Idioms

IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to call a card of the spade suit a spade
Sentence 1
This idiom, derived from cards, is not used in card playing.
Meaning 2
to speak directly and frankly about something or someone
Sentence 2
Let's call a spade a spade and stop avoiding the issue. We don't have the money in the budget to buy that new car.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to order dogs away from the chase
Sentence 1
Call off the dogs. They have found the fox.
Meaning 2
to stop pursuing something
Sentence 2
Call off the dogs. I don't want dectectives on that case any more.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to carry the ball in football
Sentence 1
The tailback carried the ball.
Meaning 2
to be responsible for a project, a business deal
Sentence 2
Will you carry the ball this time? Fumi did it last time.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to catch an ocean wave at the narrow window of time when it is possible.
Sentence 1
Part of what make Mary such a great surfer is she knows exactly how to catch the curl every time.
Meaning 2
to do something at just the right moment
Sentence 2
Great job, you caught the curl: if you invested any earlier or later, then you would not have been able to make so much return on those stocks.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
the king in chess cannot move or he is captured and the game is won
Sentence 1
She won the game after checkmating her opponent's king.
Meaning 2
To put someone is a position where they must lose
Sentence 2
Kuwait was in a checkmate position when Iraq massed troops on her border.

Derivation

This term, used in the ancient game of chess, derives from the Arabic, "Shah mat!" ( The king is dead), then Spanish, "xaque mate", then French, "eschec mat", then early English, "chek mate".

IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to bet by putting more chips into the "pot" or the betting pool
Sentence 1
She had a straight flush, so she chipped in twenty more dollars.
Meaning 2
to contribute some money to a cause or a business
Sentence 2
If we are going to expand this business, we need more capital. See if you can get another firm to chip in ten million.
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to move with an ocean wave as it is breaking in order to get carried with it on a surfboard
Sentence 1
There's a big wave. I am going to try and catch that one.
Meaning 2
to have gained momentum and keep moving forward unfazed
Sentence 2
" …but these concerns have not hurt Mr. Bush, who continues to ride a huge wave of support, according to the latest New York Times/CBS poll" (NY Times 5/14/2003).
IDIOM ►
Meaning 1
to take one's gambling chips to the teller for money
Sentence 1
I want to cash in my chips now, before I lose any more money.
Meaning 2
to sell something for a profit
Sentence 2
The stock market is too high. Let's sell our stocks and cash in our chips.